马克吐温英文简介

发布日期: 2019-08-27 06:04:03 浏览次数: 3 作者:

wasanAmericanauthorandTwainisnotedforhisnovelsAdventuresofHuckleberryFinn,

industrialists。

马克吐温英文简介SamuelLanghorneClemens,wellknownbyhispennameMarkTwain;whichhasbeencalledtheGreatAmericanNovel,andTheAdventuresofTomSawyer,HeisextensivelyTwainwasafriendtopresidents,artists,andEuropeanTwainwasverypopul。

andhiskeenwitandincisivesatireearnedpraisefromcriticsandUponhisdeathhewaslaudedasthegreatestAmericanhumoristofhisage,

hecombinedrichhumor;

andWilliamFaulknercalledTwainthefatherofAmericanliterature,WritingOverviewTwainbeganhiscareerwritinglight。humorousverse。butevolvedintoachroniclerofthevanities。hypocrisiesandmurderousactsofAtmidcareer;withHuckleberryFinn。sturdynarrativeandsocialTwainwasamasteratrenderingcolloquialspeechandhelpedtocreateandpopularizeadistinctiveAmericanliteraturebuiltonAmericanthemesandManyofTwain'sworkshavebeensuppressedattimesforvariousAdventuresofHuckleberryFinnhasbeenrepeatedlyrestrictedinAmericanhighschoo。

whichwasincommonusageinthepreCivilWarperiodinwhichthenovelwasAcompletebibliographyofhisworksisnearlyimpossibletocompilebecauseofthevastnumberofpieceswrittenbyTwainandhisuseofseveraldifferentpenAdditionally,notleastforitsfrequentuseofthewordnigger,alargeportionofhisspeechesandlectureshavebeenlostorwerenotwrittendown,th。

thecollectionofTwain'sworksisanongoingResearchersrediscoveredpublishedmaterialbyTwainasrecentlyasEarlyjournalismandtraveloguesCabininwhichTwainwroteJumpingFrogofCalaveras,

TheCelebratedJumpingFrogofCalaverasCounty,

wasfirstpublishedintheNewYorkSaturdayPressonNovember18,

locatedonJackassHillinTuolumneHistoricalmarkerandinteriorview'sfirstimportantwork,TheonlyreasonitwaspublishedtherewasthathisstoryarrivedtoolatetobeincludedinabookArtemusWardwascompilingfeaturingsketchesofthewildAmericanAfterthisburstofpopularity,TwainwascommissionedbytheSacramentoUniontowritelettersabouthistravelexperiencesforpublicationinthenewspap。

chroniclinghisexperienceswithhisburlesqueOnJune8。

hisfirstofwhichwastoridethesteamerAjaxinitsmaidenvoyagetoHawaii,referredtoatthetimeastheSandwichThesehumorouslettersprovedthegenesistohisworkwiththeSanFranciscoAltaCalifornianewspaper;whichdesignatedhimatravelingcorrespondentforatripfromSanFranciscotoNewYorkCityviathePanamaAllthewhile,Twainwaswritinglettersmeantforpublishingbackandfor。

1867,

TwainsetsailonthepleasurecruiserQuakerCityforfiveThistripresultedinTheInnocentsAbroadorTheNewPilgrims'ThisbookisarecordofapleasureIfitwerearecordofasolemnscientificexpeditionitwouldhaveaboutitthegravity,thatprofundi。

andwithalsoYetnotwithstandingitisonlyarecordofapicnic,andthatimpressiveincomprehensibilitywhicharesopropertoworksofthatkind。ithasapurpose,whichis,tosuggesttothereaderhowhewouldbelikelytoseeEuropeandtheEastifhelookedatthemwithhisowneyesinsteadoftheeyesofthosewhotraveledinthosecountriesbeforeImakesmallpretenseofshowinganyonehowheoughttolookatobjectsofinterestbeyondtheseandash,andtherefo。

evenifIwerecompetenttodoit;

otherbooksdothat。

thereisnoIn1872,Twainpublishedasecondpieceoftravelliterature。RoughingIt,ATaleofToday,asasemisequeltoRoughingItisasemiautobiographicalaccountofTwain'sjourneytoNevadaandhissubsequentlifeintheAmericanThebooklampoonsAmericanandWesternsocietyinthesamewaythatInnocentscritiquedthevariouscountriesofEuropeandtheMiddleTwain'snextworkkeptRoughingIt'sfocusonAmericansocietybutfocusedmoreontheeventsoftheEntitledTheGildedAge;itwasnotatravelpie。

anditwashisfirstattemptatwritingaThebookisalsonotablebecauseitisTwain'sonlycollaboration,

ashisprevioustwobookshadbeen。itwaswrittenwithhisneighborCharlesDudleyTwain'snexttwoworksdrewonhisexperiencesontheMississippiOldTimesontheMississippi,aseriesofsketchespublishedintheAtlanticMonthlyin1875;featuredTwainsdisillusionmentwithOldTimeseventuallybecamethestartingpointforLifeontheTomSawyerandHuckleberryFinnTwain'snextmajorpublicationwasTheAdventuresofTomSawy。

withtracesoftwoschoolmates,

basedonTwain'sboyhoodfriendTomThePrinceandthePauper,

andblameforitsshortcomingsisusuallyputonTwainforhavingnotbeenexperiencedenoughinEnglishsociety,

whichdrewonhisyouthinTomSawyerwasmodeledonTwainasachild。JohnBriggsandWillThebookalsointroducedinasupportingroleHuckleberryFinn。despiteastorylinethatisomnipresentinfilmandliteraturetoday,thebookactsasasocialcommentaryastheprinceandpauperswitchPauperwasTwain'sfirstattemptatfiction。wasnotaswellTellingthestoryoftwoboysbornonthesamedaywhoarephysicallyidentical;andalsoonthefactthatitwasproducedafteramassiveInbetweenthewritingofPaup。

ATrampAbroad。

TwainhadstartedAdventuresofHuckleberryFinnandstartedandcompletedanothertravelbook,AdventuresofHuckleberryFinn,whichfollowsTwainashetraveledthroughcentralandsouthernTwain'snextmajorpublishedwork,solidifiedhimasanoteworthyAmericanSomehavecalleditthefirstGreatAmericanNov。

andthebookhasbecomerequiredreadinginmanyschoolsthroughouttheUnitedHuckleberryFinnwasanoffshootfromTomSawyerandhadamoreserioustonethanitsThemainpremisebehindHuckleberryFinnistheyoungboy'sbeliefintherightthingtodothoughmostbelievedthatitwasFourhundredmanuscriptpagesofHuckleberryFinnwerewritteninmid1876。rightafterthepublicationofTomSomeaccountshaveTwaintakingsevenyearsoffafterhisfirstburstofcreativi。

eventuallyfinishingthebookinOtheraccountshaveTwainworkingonHuckleberryFinnintandemwithThePrinceandthePauperandotherworksin1880andotherThelastfifthofHuckleberryFinnissubjecttomuchSomesaythatTwainexperienced,afailureofnerve,ascriticLeoMarxputsit。ErnestHemingwayoncesaidofHuckleberryFinn,Ifyouread。

youmuststopwheretheNiggerJimisstolenfromtheThatistherealTherestisjustHemingwayalsowroteinthesameessay,AllmodernAmericanliteraturecomesfromonebookbyMarkTwaincalled,AdventuresofHuckleberryNearthecompletionofHuckleberryFinn,whichissaidtohaveheavilyinfluencedtheformerTheworkrecountsTwain'smemoriesandnewexperiencesaftera22yearabsencefromtheInit,TwainwroteLifeontheMississip。

healsostatesthatMarkTwainwasthecallmadewhentheboatwasinsafewaterndash;twoAttitudetowardsrevolutionsAspointedoutpreviously。TwainacknowledgedthatheoriginallysympathizedwiththemoremoderateGirondinsoftheFrenchRevolutionandthenshiftedhissympathiestothemoreradicalSansculottes,indeedidentifyingasaMar。

arguingthattheTsarmustbegotridof,

TwainsupportedtherevolutionariesinRussiaagainstthereformists。becausepeacefuloneswouldnotAbolition,byviolentmeans。emancipation,evengoingsofartosayLincoln'sProclamationnotonlysettheblackslavesfr。

butsetthewhitemanfreeHearguedthatnonwhitesdidnotreceivejusticeintheUnitedStates,

andantiracismTwainwasanadamantsupporterofabolitionandemancipation,

oncesayingIhaveseenChinamenabusedandmaltreatedinallthemean,cowardlywayspossibletotheinventionofadegradednaturebutIneversawaChinamanrightedinacourtofjusticeforwrongsthusdonetopaidforatleastoneblackpersontoattendYaleUniversityLawSchoolandforanotherblackpersontoattendasouthernuniversitytobecomeaWomen'srightsMarkTwainwasastaunchsupporterofwomen'srightsandanactivecampaignerforwomen'sHisVotesforWomenspeech,inwhichhepressedforthegrantingofvotingrightstowomen;isconsideredoneofthemostfamousinPennamesTwainuseddifferentpennamesbeforedecidingonMarkHesignedhumorousandimaginativesketchesJoshuntilAdditional。

adepthindicatingsafewaterforpassageofboat,

wheretwofathoms,heusedthepennameThomasJeffersonSnodgrassforaseriesofhumorousHemaintainedthathisprimarypennamecamefromhisyearsworkingonMississippiriverboats;wasmeasuredonthesoundingAfathomisamaritimeunitofdepth,equivalenttotwoyards。Theriverboatman'scrywasmarktwainor,moreful。

butheusedtojotdownbriefparagraphsofplainpracticalinformationabouttheriver;

twainisanarchaictermfortwo,bythemarktwain;meaningaccordingtothemarkontheline,thedepthistwofathoms。thatis;Thewateris12feetdeepanditissafetopass,TwainclaimedthathisfamouspennamewasnotentirelyhisInLifeontheMississippi。hewrote;CaptainIsaiahSellerswasnotofliteraryturnorcapacity;andsignthemMARKTWA。

andgivethemtotheNewOrleansTheyrelatedtothestageandconditionoftheriver。andwereaccurateandvaluable;IwasonthePacificIwasafreshnewjournalist。Atthetimethatthetelegraphbroughtthenewsofhisdeath;andneededanomdeguerre;soIconfiscatedtheancientmariner'sdiscardedone,andhavedonemybesttomakeitremainwhatitwasinhishandsndash。asignandsymbolandwarrantthatwhateverisfoundinitscompanymaybegambledonasbeingthepetrifiedtru。

howIhavesucceeded。

itwouldnotbemodestinmetoTwain'sversionofthestoryabouthisnomdeplumehasbeenquestionedbybiographerGeorgeWilliamsIII,theTerritorialEnterprisenewspaper;andPurdueUniversity'sPaulwhichclaimthatmarktwainreferstoarunningbartabthatTwainwouldregularlyincurwhiledrinkingatJohnPiper'ssalooninVirginiaCity。作家生涯马克吐温的第一部。

这以后。

给联邦报寄来关于那里的事情的信;

这作品在那里出版的唯一原因是因为它完成得太迟;在1865年11月18日于首次出版,赶不及纳入阿特姆斯沃德收集美国西部特色著作的。

当时他就不断寄出信件给报纸出版,

1867年6月8日;

讽刺而幽默地记录他的所见所闻。

1872年,

后来他在旧金山工作时也是根据这些幽默的信件写出的;因为派了他取道巴拿马运河从旧金山到纽约市。吐温乘游艇前往费城。这一游导致了的诞生;要住5个月;吐温出版了第二部旅行文学著作作为的续集,的内容是吐温到内华达的旅程及在美国西部的后期生马克吐温活的半自传式描述。这书以傻子对欧洲和中东的很多国家的批评来讽刺美国及西方的。

吐温的下一作品把焦点放在美国社会上。因为这以前的两本书都是旅行文学作品。之后的并不是旅行文学作品。而这是他第一次写小说:这本书亦很著名。因为这是吐温唯一一本与人合作写成的书,这本书是由吐温和邻居查尔斯达德利沃纳写。

吐温之后的两本著作均是关于他在密西西比河上的经历,一系列的小品在1875年出版于,最具特色的是吐温对浪漫主义的醒悟。之后吐温写了,这本书描写了他在汉尼拔的童年。吐温在之后更著了?吐温模仿自己小时候的。

塑造出汤姆索亚的性格来,

的故事情节虽然今天常出现于很多电影和文学作品中马克吐温。

写作期间;

这书亦引入一角色哈克贝利费恩为配角,但其实并不普遍被接纳,这是吐温首次尝试写乞丐,其缺点是吐温在英国社会并没有太足够的。

令他成为更著名的伟大美国作家?

吐温之后的出版著作为,

吐温亦开始了的写作;并也把另一部游记完成;是马克吐温往中欧及南欧旅行的游记;这本书出版以后,是的续集,严肃的气氛比后者更为浓厚?这书成为了美国大部分学校的必。

吐温于1876年夏;

因为哈克放弃服从规矩。而很多这样年龄的人马克吐温正是这样想,发行后手写了约400页的故事内容;吐温的妻子死于1904年,这以后他才得以把他的著作审查员及编辑者他的妻子不喜欢的书籍出版,这些书中有一本是:这本书并未在吐温有生之年。

因而一些吐温的幽默字句被删掉了,

所以人们找到1897至1905年之间的三种版本的手稿。这三种版本令这部著作的出版情况很混乱,而现在才可得到吐温最先写的版本,吐温最后一部作品是他口述的自传,一些案卷保管人和编辑者把这自传重新整理一遍;要令它的格式更符合一般?

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